Sunday, August 15, 2010

how to prevent water pollution and the measures taken to prevent........

Make sure your computer and monitor power management settings are optimized, so they go into sleep mode when you're away from your desk

Make sure someone in your office turns off the printer and copier at the end of the day

Set your printers and copiers to automatically print on both sides -- it takes more energy to make a sheet of paper than to copy an image onto it

Never flush anything down the toilet other than poo, pee and paper. Bag it and bin it. Flushed items such as cotton buds or sanitary towels can either cause a blockage leading to a raw sewage overflow or may pass through the sewage system and end up on the beach.

Many household cleaning products that end up down our drains contain chemicals that are harmful to the marine environment. Use eco-friendly alternatives.

Never drop any litter on the beach. It is unsightly and can be harmful to marine life. Even litter dropped in a city can wash into a drain or river and end up in the sea. Don’t drop litter anywhere!

Think about climate change and try to reduce your energy usage. If climate change continues unchecked it is likely to have a huge impact on the marine environment and coastal areas. Amongst other things, increased rain intensity and sea level rise will lead to more flooding and sewer overflows, resulting in a decrease in water quality.

· From land-based sources? Better management of stormwater, better treatment of household sewage and industrial wastewater, more efficient burning in boilers (power plants), more efficient collection of waste oils from petrol stations and households, additional measures to reduce discharges from industrial processes and installations, including refineries and other chemical industries.

· From sea-based sources? A number of additional measures could be envisaged to further improve the safety and environmental performance of tankers and other vessels, and of offshore oil rigs. Well-trained crews, strict fire safety regulations on board, better navigational equipment, traffic separation schemes in busy shipping corridors, and frequent inspection of ships (particularly older ones), are all measures that could and should be taken to further minimize the risks of collisions/accidents and groundings. Further improvements of ship's design will also help to minimize the size of a spill (and hopefully altogether eliminate the risk of a spill) if an accident occurs. Better facilities in ports for ships to leave their oily liquid waste and solid oily waste are also an important measure to ensure that the wastes are treated in an environmentally acceptable way.  

We can prevent land pollution. One way we can do this is by recycling. This reduces waste that litters the ground. We can also reduce the use of pesticides. Use compost made out of vegetable scraps instead of fertilizer. Dispose of chemicals properly instead of dumping them down the drain or into the soil. Don't let the oil in your car leak.

· Maintain a high standard of house keeping, especially in outside areas

· Recycle and reuse materials and always place litter in a bin

· Keep vehicles properly tuned and free of leaks and drips

· Store all liquid chemicals and wastes in an appropriate matter

· Always be prepared to deal with spills promptly; never allow them to soak into the ground or to flow or be washed down an outside drain

· Wash your car on a grassy area or take it to a carwash, so that soapy water soaks into the ground rather than directly into a stormwater drain

· Use a drip tray to collect waste engine oil

· Wash paint brushes inside or onto a grassy or unsealed area where all washwater can soak in without contaminating the stormwater system

· Take any hazardous household waste to the Hazmobile

· Paint your galvanised iron roof to stop the zinc run-off

· Don't use copper roofing or spouting materials as it is harmful to aquatic life

· Make sure your wastewater and stormwater pipes are correctly plumbed.

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